WWE Friday Night SmackDown # Rating auf FOX vom (Update: Halbstündliche Zuschauerzahlen). Adventskalender: Jeden Tag ein neues. W-IPin Wrestling Weekly # - der Wrestling-Wochenrückblick auf WWE und den Rest der Welt: Podcast vom (NXT TakeOver "War Games". wrestling-point ist das Online Magazin & der Community Treffpunkt aller Wrestling Fans mit aktuellen Nachrichten, Ergebnissen/Live Ticker der wichtigsten.
WWE - VideoAlle Infos rund um Wrestler wie den Undertaker, Hulk Hogan, John Cena, Brock Lesnar, Roman Reigns und Ihren Kämpfen bei Wrestlemania, im Käfig und im. WWE Friday Night SmackDown # Rating auf FOX vom (Update: Halbstündliche Zuschauerzahlen). Adventskalender: Jeden Tag ein neues. Deutschlands Wrestling-Magazin seit WWE & AEW, dazu die gesamte Wrestling-Welt. News, Ergebnisse, Hintergründe, Podcasts und mehr.
Wrestling Navigační menu VideoINSANE ICON II : \
Attribution Norfolk. Published duration 12 September. Attribution Middle East. Published duration 10 September. Attribution Wrestling. Published duration 28 February.
Published duration 3 February. Attribution Sport. In modern day, internet programming has been utilized by a number of companies to air web shows, internet pay per views IPPVs or on-demand content, helping to generate internet-related revenue earnings from the evolving World Wide Web.
Home video sales dominate the Billboard charts Recreational Sports DVD sales, with wrestling holding anywhere from 3 to 9 of the top 10 spots every week.
Due to its persistent cultural presence and to its novelty within the performing arts, wrestling constitutes a recurring topic in both academia and the media.
Several documentaries have been produced looking at professional wrestling, most notably, Beyond the Mat directed by Barry W. There have also been many fictional depictions of wrestling; the film The Wrestler received several Oscar nominations and began a career revival for star Mickey Rourke.
When talking about professional wrestling, there are two levels: the "in-show" happenings that are presented through the shows, and happenings which are outside the scope of performance in other words, are real life but have implications on the performance, such as performer contracts, legitimate injuries, etc.
Because actual events are often co-opted by writers for incorporation into storylines for the performers, the lines are often blurred and become confused.
Special care must be taken when talking about people who perform under their own name. The actions of the character should be considered fictional events, wholly separate from the life of the performer.
This is similar to other entertainers who perform with a persona that shares their own name such as Kurt Angle and his fictional persona. Some wrestlers would incorporate elements of their real-life personalities into their characters, even if they and their in-ring persona have different names.
Historians are unsure at what point wrestling changed from competitive catch wrestling into worked entertainment.
However, documented accounts do exist: WWE Superstar Bret "Hitman" Hart recalls "a long and fascinating talk" he had in the summer of with the great Lou Thesz who told him that:.
At a time when Jack Dempsey was knocking everyone out in a couple of rounds and Babe Ruth was smashing the home run record in baseball, the average World Title wrestling match often lasted five or six hours and ended in a stalemate.
Ed 'Strangler' Lewis , Thesz's mentor, was impossible to beat, so he eventually worked a title loss just to pump some new blood into the business and make a nice payoff—and that was when it had all changed.
Those who participated felt that maintenance of a constant and complete illusion for all who were not involved was necessary to keep audience interest.
For decades, wrestlers lived their public lives as though they were their characters. The practice of keeping the illusion, and the various methods used to do so, came to be known as " kayfabe " within wrestling circles, or " working the marks ".
An entire lexicon of slang jargon and euphemism developed to allow performers to communicate without outsiders' knowledge of what was being said. Occasionally a performer will deviate from the intended sequence of events.
This is known as a shoot. Sometimes shoot-like elements are included in wrestling stories to blur the line between performance and reality.
These are known as "worked shoots". However, the vast majority of events in professional wrestling are preplanned and improvised within accepted boundaries.
Gradually, the predetermined nature of professional wrestling became an open secret, as prominent figures in the wrestling business including World Wrestling Entertainment owner Vince McMahon began to publicly admit that wrestling was entertainment, not competition.
This public reveal has garnered mixed reactions from the wrestling community, as some feel that exposure ruins the experience to the spectators as does exposure in illusionism.
Despite the public admission of the theatrical nature of professional wrestling, many U. I watch championship wrestling from Florida with wrestling commentator Gordon Solie.
Is this all "fake"? If so, they deserve an Oscar. Professional wrestling shows can be considered a form of theater in the round , with the ring, ringside area, and entryway comprising a stage.
However, there is a much more limited concept of a fourth wall than in most theatric performances, similar to pantomime involving audience participation.
The audience is recognized and acknowledged by the performers as spectators to the sporting event being portrayed, and are encouraged to interact as such.
This leads to a high level of audience participation; in fact, their reactions can dictate how the performance unfolds. Most forms of stage combat attempt to minimize all risk of pain and injury to the actors, and fans of theater typically accept that stage combat cannot look very real.
But fans of professional wrestling demand a better illusion, and consequently the performers perform physical feats that often lead to real pain and injury.
Many professional wrestlers over long careers develop lasting injuries and disabilities not too dissimilar from what is seen in real contact sport , and they tend to have shorter lifespans.
There is no governing authority for professional wrestling rules, although there is a general standard which has developed. Each promotion has its own variation, but all are similar enough to avoid confusion most of the time.
Any rule described here is simply a standard, and may or may not correspond exactly with any given promotion's ruleset.
Due to the staged nature of wrestling, these are not actual "rules"  in the sense that they would be considered in similar articles about actual sports like freestyle wrestling.
Instead, the "rules" in this article are implemented and supposedly enforced for the sake of suspension of disbelief known as kayfabe in the jargon of the business.
Matches are held between two or more sides "corners". Each corner may consist of one wrestler, or a team of two or more. Most team matches are governed by tag team rules see below.
Other matches are free-for-alls, with multiple combatants but no teams. In all variants, there can be only one winning team or wrestler.
Matches are held within a wrestling ring , an elevated square canvas mat with posts on each corner. A cloth apron hangs over the edges of the ring.
Three horizontal ropes or cables surround the ring, suspended with turnbuckles which are connected to the posts. For safety, the ropes are padded at the turnbuckles and cushioned mats surround the floor outside the ring.
Guardrails or a similar barrier enclose this area from the audience. Wrestlers are generally expected to stay within the confines of the ring, though matches sometimes end up outside the ring, and even in the audience, to add excitement.
These are each explained in greater detail below. Typically, pinfalls and submissions must occur within the ring area, however there are times where it may be stipulated otherwise.
Most wrestling matches last for a set number of falls, with the first side to achieve the majority number of pinfalls, submissions, or countouts being the winner.
Historically, matches were wrestled to 3 falls "best 2 out of 3" or 5 falls "best 3 out of 5". The standard for modern matches is one fall.
However, even though it is now standard, many announcers will explicitly say so, e. Modern matches are generally given a to minute time limit for standard matches; title matches can go for up to one hour.
British wrestling matches held under Admiral-Lord Mountevans rules are 2 out of 3 falls. An alternative is a match set for a prescribed length of time, with a running tally of falls.
The entrant with the most falls at the end of the time limit is declared the winner. This is usually for 20, 30 or 60 minutes, and is commonly called an Iron Man match.
This type of match can be modified so that fewer types of falls are allowed. In matches with multiple competitors, an elimination system may be used.
Any wrestler who has a fall scored against them is forced out of the match, and the match continues until only one remains.
However, it is much more common when more than two wrestlers are involved to simply go one fall, with the one scoring the fall, regardless of who they scored it against, being the winner.
In championship matches, this means that, unlike one-on-one matches where the champion can simply disqualify himself or get himself counted out to retain the title via the Champion's Advantage , the champion does not have to be pinned or involved in the decision to lose the championship.
However, heel champions often find advantages, not in Champion's Advantage, but in the use of weapons and outside interference, as these poly-sided matches tend to involve no holds barred rules.
Many modern specialty matches have been devised, with unique winning conditions. The most common of these is the ladder match. In the basic ladder match, the wrestlers or teams of wrestlers must climb a ladder to obtain a prize that is hoisted above the ring.
The key to winning this match is that the wrestler or team of wrestlers must try to incapacitate each other long enough for one wrestler to climb the ladder and secure that prize for their team.
As a result, the ladder can be used as a weapon. The prizes include but are not limited to any given championship belt the traditional prize , a document granting the winner the right to a future title shot, or any document that matters to the wrestlers involved in the match such as one granting the winner a cash prize.
Another common specialty match is known as the battle royal. In a battle royal, all the wrestlers enter the ring to the point that there are 20—30 wrestlers in the ring at one time.
When the match begins, the simple objective is to throw the opponent over the top rope and out of the ring with both feet on the floor to eliminate that opponent.
The last wrestler standing is declared the winner. A variant on this type of match is the WWE's Royal Rumble where two wrestlers enter the ring to start the match and other wrestlers follow in 90 second intervals previously 2 minutes until 30—40 wrestlers have entered the ring.
All other rules stay the same. For more match types, see Professional wrestling match types. Every match must be assigned a rule keeper known as a referee , who is the final arbitrator.
In multi-man lucha libre matches, two referees are used, one inside the ring and one outside. Due to the legitimate role that referees play in wrestling of serving as liaison between the bookers backstage and the wrestlers in the ring the role of being a final arbitrator is merely kayfabe , the referee is present, even in matches that do not at first glance appear to require a referee such as a ladder match, as it is no holds barred, and the criteria for victory could theoretically be assessed from afar.
Although their actions are also frequently scripted for dramatic effect, referees are subject to certain general rules and requirements to maintain the theatrical appearance of unbiased authority.
The most basic rule is that an action must be seen by a referee to be declared for a fall or disqualification.
This allows for heel characters to gain a scripted advantage by distracting or disabling the referee to perform some ostensibly illegal maneuver on their opponent.
Most referees are unnamed and essentially anonymous, though some wrestling promotions, most notably in the present All Elite Wrestling , have made officials known by their names and there are some cases where fans have called their name during matches.
Special guest referees may be used from time to time; by virtue of their celebrity status, they are often scripted to dispense with the appearance of neutrality and use their influence to unfairly influence the outcome of the match for added dramatic impact.
Face special referees will often fight back against hostile heel wrestlers, particularly if the special referee is either a wrestler himself or a famous martial artist such as Tito Ortiz at the main event at TNA Hard Justice For heel special referees, common ways of assisting the heel wrestler to obtain victory include, but are not limited to, the following:.
In some team matches, only one entrant from each team may be designated as the "legal" or "active" wrestler at any given moment. Two wrestlers must make physical contact typically palm-to-palm to transfer this legal status.
This is known as a "tag", with the participants "tagging out" and "tagging in". Typically the wrestler who is tagging out has a 5-second count to leave the ring, whereas the one tagging in can enter the ring at any time, resulting in heels legally double-teaming a face.
The non-legal wrestlers must remain outside the ring or other legal area at all times and avoid purposeful contact with the opposing wrestlers or face reprimand from the referee.
In most promotions, the wrestler to be tagged in must be touching the turnbuckle on his corner, or a cloth strap attached to the turnbuckle.
Some multi-wrestler matches allow for a set number of legal wrestlers, and a legal wrestler may tag out to any other wrestler, regardless of team.
In these matches, the tag need not be a mutual effort, and this results in active wrestlers being tagged out against their will, or non-legal wrestlers forced to enter the battle.
Sometimes, poly-sided matches that pit every man for himself will incorporate tagging rules. Outside of kayfabe, this is done to give wrestlers a break from the action as these matches tend to go on for long periods of time , and to make the action in the ring easier to choreograph.
One of the most mainstream examples of this is the Four-Corner match, the most common type of match in the WWE before it was replaced with its equivalent Fatal Four-Way; four wrestlers, each for himself, fight in a match, but only two wrestlers can be in the match at any given time.
The other two are positioned in the corner, and tags can be made between any two wrestlers. In a Texas Tornado Tag Team match, all the competitors are legal in the match, and tagging in and out is not necessary.
All matches fought under hardcore rules such as no disqualification, no holds barred, ladder match , etc.
Regardless of rules of tagging, a wrestler cannot pin his or her own tag team partner, even if it is technically possible from the rules of the match e.
Texas Tornado rules, or a three-way tag team match. This is called the "Outlaw Rule" because the first team to attempt to use that in an attempt to unfairly retain their tag team titles was the New Age Outlaws.
To score by pinfall, a wrestler must pin both his opponent's shoulders against the mat while the referee slaps the mat three times referred to as a "three count".
This is the most common form of defeat. A count may be started at any time that a wrestler's shoulders are down both shoulders touching the mat , back-first and any part of the opponent's body is lying over the wrestler.
This often results in pins that can easily be kicked out of, if the defensive wrestler is even slightly conscious. For example, an attacking wrestler who is half-conscious may simply drape an arm over an opponent, or a cocky wrestler may place his foot gently on the opponent's body, prompting a three-count from the referee.
Illegal pinning methods include using the ropes for leverage and hooking the opponent's clothing, which are therefore popular cheating methods for heels , unless certain stipulations make such an advantage legal.
During the Middle Ages fifth century to fifteenth century wrestling remained popular and enjoyed the patronage of many royal families, including those of France, Japan and England.
Early British settlers in America brought a strong wrestling tradition with them. The settlers also found wrestling to be popular among Native Americans.
The first organized national wrestling tournament took place in New York City in Wrestling has also been an event at every modern Olympic Games since the games in St.
Louis, Missouri a demonstration had been performed at the first modern Olympics. Some of the earliest references to wrestling can be found in wrestling mythology.
Michiel Sweerts , Wrestling Match , Wrestling disciplines, as defined by UWW, are broken down into two categories: International wrestling disciplines and folk wrestling disciplines.
UWW currently recognizes six wrestling disciplines in all. Three are Olympic disciplines: Greco-Roman wrestling , men's freestyle wrestling and female wrestling i.
The other three are amateur pankration, belt wrestling alysh and beach wrestling. Greco-Roman is an international discipline and an Olympic sport. In Greco-Roman style, it is forbidden to hold the opponent below the belt, to make trips, and to actively use the legs in the execution of any action.
Recent rule changes in Greco-Roman increase opportunities for and place greater emphasis on explosive, 'high amplitude' throws. Pinning one's opponent to the mat is one way of winning.
Freestyle wrestling is an international discipline and an Olympic sport, for both men and women. This style allows the use of the wrestler's or his opponent's legs in offense and defense.
Freestyle wrestling has its origins in catch-as-catch-can wrestling and the prime victory condition in this style involves the wrestler winning by throwing and pinning his opponent on the mat.
American high school and men's college wrestling is conducted under different rules and is termed scholastic and collegiate wrestling.
American women's college wrestling uses freestyle rules. Pankration, from the Greek words pan and kratos and meaning "all of power", is a world heritage martial art which was introduced to the Ancient Olympic Games in BC.
Modern amateur pankration is a form of mixed martial arts MMA that incorporates techniques from multiple systems.
Matches are fought with both grappling holds and by striking techniques. Alysh is a Turkic term for a Central Asian folk wrestling style which involves the wearing of jackets, trousers and thick belts.
Throughout the contest the wrestlers must retain their hold on each other's belt. For this reason it is also referred to as ' belt wrestling alysh' or 'alysh belt wrestling'.
The style originally mirrored the rules used before the use of wrestling mats,  and beach wrestling has been regarded as the oldest version of international competitive wrestling.
Wrestlers may also wear spandex or athletic shorts. The international rules have been modified in by UWW, with the current rules allowing wrestlers to score points via takedowns, pushing their opponent out of bounds, or bringing the opponent down to their back.
Folk wrestling describes a traditional form of wrestling unique to a culture or geographic region of the world that FILA does not administer rules for.
Examples of the many styles of folk wrestling, include backhold wrestling from Europe , Cumberland Wrestling and Catch-as-catch-can from England , kurash from Uzbekistan, gushteengiri from Tajikistan, khuresh from Siberia, Lotta Campidanese from Italy, koshti pahlavani from Iran, naban from Myanmar, pehlwani from India, penjang gulat from Indonesia, schwingen from Switzerland, tigel from Ethiopia, shuai jiao from China, and ssireum from Korea.
Folk wrestling styles are not recognized as international styles of wrestling by UWW. It is so called because the wrestlers douse themselves with olive oil.
The wrestlers, known as pehlivanlar meaning "champion" wear a type of hand-stitched lederhosen called a kispetler , which are traditionally made of water buffalo hide, and most recently have been made of calfskin.
Unlike Olympic wrestling, oil wrestling matches may be won by achieving an effective hold of the kisbet. Thus, the pehlivan aims to control his opponent by putting his arm through the latter's kisbet.
Men - 55kg men 55 - 60kg men 60 - 66kg men 66 - 74kg men 74 - 84kg men 84 - 96kg men 96 - kg men. Women - 48kg women 48 - 55kg women 55 - 63kg women 63 - 72kg women.
In freestyle wrestling, wrestlers may use their arms and legs and may hold opponents above or below the waist. Greco vs freestyle In Greco-Roman wrestling, the wrestlers use only their arms and upper bodies to attack, and can only hold those same parts of their opponents.Wrestling ist eine besonders in Japan, den USA und Mexiko populäre Schaukampf-Sportart. Der Sieger steht schon vor dem Match fest, die Abläufe werden teilweise improvisiert und mit Showelementen und Storylines angereichert. Trotz des. Wrestling (englisch für Ringen, im deutschen Sprachraum auch Catchen in Anlehnung an den älteren Begriff Catch Wrestling) ist eine besonders in Japan, den. Wrestling, WWE SmackDown, WWE RAW: Alle aktuellen Nachrichten für alle Wrestling Fans aus der Welt des Wrestlings. News, Events und alle. Alle Nachrichten aus der WWE-Welt im Überblick! Hier verpassen Sie keine wichtige Meldung zu Wrestling! Hier zu den aktuellsten WWE-News!